Writing An Impact Letter: A Powerful Tool for Supporting a Loved One

Writing an impact letter - a powerful tool for supporting a loved one

When you have a loved one facing addiction, it’s not always easy to vocalize your feelings. The pain, stress and pressure that come with watching someone you care about slowly spiral out of control are agonizing, and there’s no good way to reveal your feelings without being met with anger or defensive behavior.

When it appears there is no resolution in sight, an intervention may seem like the only possible opportunity to communicate the real nature of a situation. This is rarely easy on the subject of an intervention; many may feel attacked or under immense pressure to act, but seeing the effects negative behavior has on friends and family may be the only measure that makes a difference.

Finding the right words, particularly when conveying heartfelt emotions to someone’s face, can get very hard, very quickly, leading to a troubled intervention without the proper preparation. As such, an impact letter, or a letter summarizing the effects of addiction on both you and your larger social circle, is highly recommended.

What Is an Impact Letter?

What is an impact letter?An impact letter is exactly what the name implies: a letter to tell someone struggling with addiction the impact their disease has on others. An impact letter tends to be both detailed and heartfelt, allowing an opportunity to discuss troubling circumstances as well as specific situations that have caused grief.

For example, if your child is living with an addiction and has stolen money from you, lied to you about substance abuse or betrayed your trust in other ways, an impact letter is a good way to explain the ramifications of these events. While the subject of the intervention is obviously aware something like a theft occurred, they may not understand the true extent of a problem, for example, if you were unable to pay rent or buy groceries due to missing money.

An impact letter is designed to impress the reality of the situation upon the subject but isn’t intended to be manipulative, mean or patronizing. Cruelty doesn’t inspire positive action, so despite the potentially negative feelings associated with addiction, an impact letter should be sympathetic and supportive, not an opportunity to lay into an already challenged individual.

How to Write an Impact Letter

Impact letters can take numerous forms depending on the situation at hand, but in order to maximize efficacy, a specific template is recommended.


In the introduction of a letter, state who you are and your relationship to the subject of an intervention. Describe the person in your own words that relate to how you view them — both before and after addiction — as well as what your relationship means.

It’s okay to be complimentary; addiction doesn’t erase all good traits or turn a good person into a bad person. If there have been recent fights related to addiction, for example, using kind words can soften the blow of what is to come while reaffirming that previous bonds are still there.

Share Your Love

Interventions are generally intimate moments with only closely affected family members and friends in attendance, so sharing how you feel is normal and expected. Tell the individual how much you love them, how much their presence has enriched your life, and why they matter so much.

It’s okay to be as open and honest as you’d like and feel free to explain specific traits or moments that exemplify your feelings. Be sure to specify that your love is unconditional. As a parent, child, spouse, partner or friend, your affection shouldn’t rely on any particular set of criteria, and it’s important your loved one knows this.

Don’t be overly flattering or insincere in your letter; this is not helpful, and your lack of sincerity will likely come across to the subject of an intervention. If you have faced a tumultuous relationship as a result of drugs or alcohol, try to think back to a happier time when addiction wasn’t standing in the way.

Clarify the Situation

Many people living with addiction feel great shame as a result of their habits, so before you begin speaking about particular problems associated with addiction, be clear about your understanding of addiction as a disease. Explain that you know that addiction can happen to anyone and that falling victim to addiction is not a sign of weakness or a personal failing.

Hearing these realities can help the subject of an intervention to feel less guilt or blame while facing their challenges; without finger-pointing, they can be free to accept their situation as a turn of events rather than a sign that they are not a good or worthy person.

Lay Out the Facts

Lay out the facts in an impact letterAddiction can be dominating. When in the midst of it, it’s easy to let other aspects of life, like relationships, jobs and finances, fall by the wayside. When high or drunk, it’s virtually impossible to focus on anything outside the sensation, and when in withdrawal, the rest of the world fades away as the need for more drugs dominates.

As such, it’s not always easy to see how drug-seeking behavior can affect others. By presenting the facts of how addiction has affected your life and your relationship, you can demonstrate the little details that may otherwise be missed while the intervention subject is in the depths of addiction.

In preparing your letter, think about the ways in which facing addiction has changed your life and the life of your loved one. Have you witnessed job losses? The end of romantic relationships? Repossessed cars? Homelessness or financial struggles? All of these things may seem par for the course for those in active addiction but will stand out as red flags to those on the outside looking in.

Be sure that this section does not become an exhaustive list of every large and small grievance you have that relates to addiction. While you may have dozens of examples to share, going too far in depth can begin to feel like a bashing session, and this diminishes the effectiveness of your objective. Instead, focus on the most meaningful and significant examples that are likely to have the maximum impact.

Show Commitment

If you want to encourage an addict to get help, you need to be willing to demonstrate what you will do to support these endeavors. Maybe you’ll go to Al-Anon meetings, accompany your loved one to AA, visit regularly during rehab or help with choosing the right program. When the subject of an intervention knows that help is available, making the choice to get assistance won’t feel so impossible.

Be sure that if you’re going to promise these things, you actually do them. If you say you will be a part of a user’s support system and fail to do so, your whole letter will be seen as a lie.

Set Rules

If you have previously been enabling addiction or providing a little too much sympathy for a disease in need of treatment, use this section to set boundaries. Explain what you will and won’t continue to do, like ceasing to provide housing if sobriety isn’t maintained or cutting off financial support until treatment is completed.

Someone living with addiction needs to know what they will be surrendering without getting help. You can be as strict or as lenient as fits your situation, but things like required program attendance and sobriety should be primary points in your restrictions.

End on a Kind Word

The intervention process is extremely stressful and emotional, so ending your letter with a description of the problems at hand and the rules you’re imposing may come off as unnecessarily harsh. Instead, use the conclusion of your letter to reaffirm your love, summarize your commitment and explain the importance of treatment.

When handled properly, an impact letter can expose a pattern of abuse while also establishing a sense of purpose in someone living with substance abuse. By following this template, you can check every box to ensure your letter sends the proper message and increases the likelihood of treatment.

If you or someone you love is facing addiction, an intervention can be an excellent way to promote the need for treatment, but it is very helpful to have a trained interventionist on hand. Please contact FHE Health today to learn more about our family resources and comprehensive substance abuse treatment programs.

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